• The Lines of the Kings of Rohan

    The Kings of Rohan were also known as the Kings of the Mark, and both titles were recorded for each of the nineteen kings of two distinct lines. The First Line was the Line of Eorl. The Second line was the line of Frѐalẚf. The Third line was the Line of Ẻomer.

    Eorl the Young was the first King of Rohan. Eorl was the son of Lѐod, Lord of the Ẻothѐod. The Ẻothѐad were wild horsemen that fled east after the fall of Angmar to the lands near the sources of the Anduin in the North where the Ered Mithrin met the Misty Mountains. The Ẻothѐod were known because one of their kings, Fram son of Frumgar slew the dragon Scatha.

    Lѐod had been trying to tame the great horse Felarof, who even young was able to throw Lѐod from his back and the king died. Eorl was but sixteen, and instead of killing the horse, required the horse to serve him and surrender his freedom as a weirgild. The horse submitted and Felarof became Eorl’s steed, and from that time those of Felarof’s line were the steeds of the king. Felarof became the father of the line of Mearas, fast horses who lived lives as long as men and had extraordinary strength and intelligence. Shadowfax was directly descended from Felarof.

    When Eorl was twenty and five years, a messenger, Borondir came from the kingdom of Gondor (.T.A. 2510) with a message from the Ruling Stewart, Cirion. Gondor was being threatened by the Men of Rhun and he wished for help defeating them. Eorl agreed to come to Gondor’s defense as he knew if Gondor fell, the rest of Middle-earth would be soon to fall as well. The Ẻored, or mounted army, departed seven thousand strong heading south along the Anduin. Hidden as they past Dol Guldur by a white mist that had its source in Lothlorien, they arrived on the Field of Celebrant quickly. Gondor’s armies were flanked on two sides by the Rhun men from one and orcs from the Misty Mountains on the other. Attacking from the rear, the Ẻored took the enemy by surprise and quickly sleighed most of the foes, and driving the rest to jump from the gorge on the river Limlight.

    Four months after the end of the battle, Eorl met Cirion at the Hill of Awe (Amon Anwar, where Elendil was tombed) . There Cirion offered Eorl all the lands of Calenardhon as a new homestead for his people in gratitude for the services to Gondor.Eorl accepted and swore an Oath that his people would always come to Gondor’s aid in time of need. Cirion took a similar oath on behalf of the people of Gondor.

    Erol ruled the Mark for thirty-five years. He chose the large hill at the entrance of the Harrowdale to be the site of its capital city, Edoras, though in his lifetime he never lived there. Living instead at Aldburg. In T.A. 2512 Erol’s son Brego was born. In T.A. 2545 Easterlings attacked Rohan and though the attack was thwarted, Eorl fell in battle. He was buried in a mound outside of Edoras along with his ever-faithful horse, Felarof.

    Brego, son of Eorl guarded the borders of Rohan against the Dunlendings and Easterlings. Brego built the Golden Hall of Meduseld in Edoras. Brego had three sons, Baldor, Aldor and Ẻofor. Baldor was heir to the throne. During the dedication feast of the Golden Hall, he (assumed) drunkenly swore an oath to successfully walk the Paths of the Dead. Consumed by his honor and pride, Baldor refused to break his vow and set off for the Dimholt never to been seen again (at least for a while. Five hundred years later Aragorn, Legolas and Gimli find the skeleton of Baldor).

    Quote Originally Posted by The Two Towers
    … the bones of a mighty man. He had been clad in mail, and still his harness lay there whole, for the cavern’s air was as dry as dust, and his hauberk was gilded. His belt was of gold and garnets, and rich with gold was the helm upon his bony head face downward on the floor. He had fallen near the far wall of the cave, as now could be seen, and before him stood a stony door closed fast: his finger-bones were still clawing at the cracks. A notched and broken sword lay by him, as if he had hewn at the rock in his last despair. Aragorn did not touch him, but after gazing silently for a while he rose and sighed. ‘Hither shall the flowers of simbelmyne come never unto world’s end,’ he murmured. ‘Nine mounds and seven there are now green with grass, and through all the long years he has lain at the door that he could not unlock.
    Brego died in grief a year later and his second son Aldor ascended to the throne in T.A. 2570. Aldor’s rule was known as the Golden Age of Rohan. Their numbers increased drastically and the Dunlendings were chased past the Gap of Rohan and beyond the Isen. The King founded Dunharrow as a refuge and the valleys of Rohan were colonized. The king became known as Aldor the Old because his reign lasted seventy-five years. Dying after the birth of his great-great grandson, he was succeeded by his oldest son Frѐa. Frѐa ruled only fourteen years due to his age. He was succeeded by his son Frѐawine.

    King Frѐawine ruled Rohan uneventfully until his death in T.A. 2680. He was succeeded by his son Goldwine. King Goldwine (name means Gold-friend; greedy) rule saw the guard upon the borders of Rohan lessen and the Dunlendings returned to the North of Rohan. Goldwine was succeeded by his son Dѐor. During Dѐor’s reign, the Dunlendings becan to cause trouble for Rohan. Gondor’s great fortress Isengard had fallen to the Dunlendings. Dѐor died in T.A. 2718 and was followed by his son Gram. King Gram’s reign was one of war. The Dunlendings continued to raid Rohan from Isengard, which was near impregnable. War continued the entire 23 years of his reign. Gram was succeeded by his son Helm.

    Helm was the last King of the First Line. His rule was plagued by war with the Dunelendings. Most notably, Helm came into conflict with an arrogant, wealthy and powerful Dunelending landowner named Freca. Freca was a Dunlending with Rohirric blood and held lands on both sides of the Anduin. Neither Helm nor Freca trusted one another. Freca tried to force the King’s daughter to marry his firstborn son, Wulf by showing up at Edoras with a great force of men, demanding the King comply. In the resulting frey, Helm punched Freca in the face with a single blow, killing him and afterward earning the name Hammerhand. King Helm Hammerhand then named Wulf and all his men enemies of the king.

    Over the next few years, Wulf and his men joined with the Corsairs of Umbar to make war upon Rohan.Defeated at the Crossing of Isen, Helm was forced to retreat to the Hornberg and endured a long siege. Helm’s eldest son Haleth was slain defending Edoras from besiegement. It is said Haleth was the last man to fall, defending the doors of the Golden Hall. The Hornberg held a large war-horn and each time it was blown Helm would break through the Dunelending ranks, killing many of the Dunelending with his bare hands.

    King Helm Hammerhand and his younger son Hama departed the Hornberg foraging and were caught in a blizzard and lost. When they were found the next day, the King was frozen solid, still standing, his eyes open ready to fight. Since both his sons also fell, the line of Eorl ended and his sister’s son Frѐalẚf Hildeson became king, starting the Second Line of Kings in T.A. 2759.

    When Rohan was invaded many of the survivors fled to the refuge at Dunharrow. Frѐalẚf was one of them. Later he led the raid that recaptured Edoras. During the raid, he fought Wulf and killed him. At his coronation Saruman the White returned after years of absence and offered Frѐalẚf his friendship. The Ruling Steward of Gondor, Beren, gave Saruman the Keys of Orthanc and bade him dwell in the tower on the conditions that he protected it from any further Dunlending attacks. The rest of Frѐalẚf’s rule was mostly uneventful and he died in T.A. 2798 and was succeeded by his son Brytta Lѐofa.

    Lѐofa was Rohirric for Beloved, which Brytta was by his people because of his generous nature and kind heartedness. During his rule, the War of the Dwarves and Orcs brough hordes of orcs fleeing the Misty Mountains seeking to make strongholds in the White Mountains south of Rohan. This led to war between Rohan and the orcs. Brytta’s campaign against the orcs was so successful it was commonly believed that Rohan was completely free of orcs afterward. Brytta died in T.A. 2842 and was succeeded by his son Walda. Though it was commonly believed that Rohan was free of all orcs, it really wasn’t. In T.A. 2851 Walda was killed by an orc in Dunharrow. Walda’s rule was the shortest of any of the kings of Rohan, lasting only nine years. Walda was succeeded by his son Folca.

    Folca The Hunter swore an oath to hunt no animal while any orc remained inside the borders of Rohan. He hunted them down for thirteen years until Rohan was finally free of their presence, avenging the death of his father. Having fulfilled his oath Folca entered the Firien Wood to hunt the great Boar of Everholt. Folca chased the great boar for a great time, wounding it several times before the boar finally gored the king, who died shortly thereafter. Folca was succeeded by his son Folcwine.

    During the reign of Folcwine, Rohan reclaimed the West-march between the rivers Adorn and Isen from the Dunlendings. Later, after the Haradrim attacked and occupied Southern Gondor, Folcwine again fulfilled the Oath of Eorl by coming to the aid of Gondor. Sending a large force to aid Gondor, Folcwine placed his twin eldest sons Folcred and Fastred in charge of the army. Though Gondor and Rohan were victorious, Folcred and Fastred both were slain in battle. The Ruling Steward Turin II paid King Folcwine a heavy weregild of gold in thanks for his sons’ service. King Folcwine died in T.A. 2903 and was succeeded by his youngest son Fengel.

    King Fengel’s rule was both long and troubled and most successes he had were overshadowed by his defects in character, temperament and greed for gold. His gluttonous and avaricious nature caused conflicts between his family, his military leaders and himself. His own son, Thengel left Rohan because of his disagreements with his father, instead living with his wife’s family in Gondor. Fengel’s name means “grasper” in Old English. Fengel died in T.A. 2953 and he was succeeded by his son Thengel.

    While living with his mother’s family in Gondor, Prince Thengel met and married Morwen Steelsheen of Lossamach. He lived there with her family until the death of his father, when he reluctantly returned to Rohan. As Thengel had learned Sindarin while living in Gondor, he made it along with the Common Speech, the daily tongue in the Golden Hall. Neither he nor his heirs spoke Rohirric. During Thengel’s rule, Aragorn served and fought at the side of the king disguised as Thorongil. Thengel was succeeded by his son Thѐoden upon his death in T.A. 2980.

    King Thѐoden was the Seventeenth King of Rohan, the Eighth and last King of the Second Line. As Thѐoden had been born in Gondor, he spoke Sindarin and the Common Speech rather than Rohirric. He had a great love for his sister Thѐodwyn and after her death he adopted both of her children, Ẻomer and Ẻowyn as his own. His wife Elfhild died while giving birth to the king’s only son and heir Thѐodred.

    In T.A. 3014 the king’s health began to fail and he was continuously misled by his councilor Grima. Letting the rule slip from his hands completely, the King allowed Grima to grow in power.Rohan was again troubled by orcs and Dunlendings who were operating under the will of Saruman from Orthanc. Grima convinced the king to arrest Ẻomer after his slaying of many orcs that had crossed into Rohan. The continued attacks and presence of orcs, and the King’s lack of interest had severely demoralized the people of Rohan. The king had barely took notice when his son Thѐodred was slain by advancing orcs.

    This changed when the king was visited by Aragorn, Legolas the Elf, Gimli the Dwarf and Gandolf the Wandering Wizard. Gandolf removed Grima’s influence on the king and healed him. The King released his nephew from bondage, took up his sword and led the men of Rohan to the Fords of Isen. Hearing word that the Fords were lost they double-backed to the Hornberg where the Battle of Helm’s Deep was fought against the remaining peoples of Rohan and Saruman’s own Orc, the Uriki. The king became known as Thѐoden Ednew (The Renewed) afterwards. Aragorn and his companions fought alongside the men of Rohan and were assisted by Gandolf and Hurons from Fangorn to defeat the Uriks.

    Quote Originally Posted by Thѐoden to Saruman at Orthank
    "We will have peace, when you and all your works have perished-and the works of your dark master whom you would deliver us. You are a liar, Saruman, and corrupter of men's hearts. You hold out your hand to me, and I perceive only a finger of the claw of Mordor."
    When the battle was over and all were resting, the messenger Hirgon from Gondor brought the Red Arrow from Denethor II, ruling Steward of Gondor, symbolizing Gondor’s call for help. Thѐoden again answered the Oath of Eorl and promised 6000 men in a week’s time. The Great West Road was full with Orcs and Thѐoden took assistance from the leader of the Woses, wild men. Their leader Ghan-buri-Ghan lead them by secrets paths westward through the Drúdan Forest avoiding the orcs and coming to the Pelennor Fields undetected.

    Seeing that the battle had been well underway upon their arrival, The King was suddenly reinvigorated upon seeing a great flash of light from inside the city. He gave a speech and ordered the charge into battle, himself slaying the Black Serpent of the Haradrim and his standard-bearer. Then the Lord of the Nazgûl appeared and attacked the king from his fell beast, mortally wounding the king and his horse Shadowmane. Thѐoden, King was immediately avenged by his niece Ẻowyn and Meriadoc Brandybuck who slew the Lord of the Nazgûl, fulfilling the prophecy of Glorfindel. Before his last breath, the king told Meriadoc that he was satisfied with the outcome and welcomed death as he would not now be shamed in the halls of his fathers’ as he had slain the Black Serpent. Then Thѐoden died.

    Thѐoden’s nephew Ẻomer ascended the throne and was the First King of the Third Line of Rohan. He became known as Ẻomer Ẻadig, the Blessed because during his reign Rohan recovered from the War and became a rich and fruitful land again. Ẻomer fulfilled the Oath of Eorl several times at the behest of King Elessar of the Reunited Kingdoms. The King legalized the grant of Calenardhon, which Cirion had so long ago promised the Ẻothѐod. Ẻomer met and married Lothiriel, daughter of Prince Imrahil of Dol Amroth and she bore the king’s son Elfwine. King Ẻomer died in F.A. 63.

    Elfwine was the last recorded King of Rohan. It is not known whom he married or who succeeded him. He was called Elfwine the Fair and was said to have a striking resemblance to his maternal grandfather, Imrahil, Prince of Dol Amroth.
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