• The Kings of Arnor

    Armor was founded by Elendil, who had survived the drowning of Nύmenor near the end of the Second Age, along with his two sons Isildur and AnŠrion, who founded the kingdom of Gondor. Elendil ruled both kingdoms as High King of the Two Kingdoms. The capital city of Arnor was Annύminas, located along the shores of Lake Nenuial in the north. Many of the great relics of the Edain that had been held sacred by the Kings and Princes of Nύmenor Elendil took with him when he departed and were later kept in Annύminas; The Scepter of Annύminas which was previously called the Scepter of Lord of AndύniŽ in Nύmenor and was their symbol, The Ring of Barahir which was in ages past a gift from Finrod to Barahir and was worn by Beren, Elros, Valandil, the first Lord of AndύniŽ and later Aragorn, Narsil, Elendilís sword which was forged by the great Dwarf-smith Telchar and passed from FŽanorís son Maglor to Elros, and the Palantiri, of which the Stone of Annύminas was housed in Annύminas, and the other placed at Amon SŻl to the south of Arnor. Most of the kingdom of Arnor was made up of Nύmenorean Faithful who had fled Nύmenor before its downfall and lived in the havens of Middle-earth.

    After Sauron returned to Mordor following the drowning of Nύmenor, he attacked Minas Ithil with a force of Orcs, causing Isildur and his family to flee Gondor for Arnor, leaving his brother to rule the Southern Kingdom. There Elendil and Gil-galad formed what would be known as the Last alliance of Elves and Men in S.A. 3430. The armies of Gil-galad and Cirdan the Shipwright met Elendil and the armies of Arnor at the top of Amon SŻl and from there marched toward Imladris, where they rested for three years, forging weapons and making plans of war alongside Elrond. Crossing the Misty Mountains they were soon joined by the Elves of Greenwood the Great led by Oropher, the Elves of Lothlόrienled by Amdir and the Dwarves f Khazad-dŻm. Turning south-east they marched through the desolation of the Gardens of the Entwives through to the great plain before the Black Gates of Mordor.

    During the Battle of Dagorlad, Oropher was slain, having rashly charged forth into battle and being ill-equipped. Amdir was driven into the southern marshes and slain, being cut off from the main battle. Afterward this area was known as the Dead Marshes. Meanwhile, the main host battled for several days without stop and finally pushed their way to and then through the Black Gates and into Mordor. Seven years the siege of the Dark Tower lasted until finally Sauron himself came onto the field of battle. He fought against the great captains of the Last Alliance, to include Gil-galad and Elendil and to their sides Elrond, Cirdan and Isildur. Both Gil-galad and Elendil were slain, Elendil fell on his sword Narsil as he fell, shattering it, but also Sauron was defeated and his body fell, and after Isildur cut the ring from his finger with the hilt-shard of Narsil, and without the ring, Sauron could no longer hold physical form and his body withered and vanished. Isildur took the One Ring as a wergild and heirloom instead of destroying it.

    Afterward, Isildur was named High King of the Two Kingdoms and took two years to set the boundaries of Gondor before raising his brotherís son Melendil to Regent of Gondor and himself departing to Arnor to rule. The kingís party was waylaid by a band of Orcs and Isildur was slain in the river Anduin, the ring as Isildurís body were both lost. Melendil named himself King of Gondor independently from Arnor and the two kingdoms were estranged, and Isildurís youngest son Valandil was then crowned King of Arnor.

    Valandil, whose name means Friend of the Valar, was too young to take the throne when he father Isildur died in T.A. 2, so he remained in Imladris until T.A. 10, when he became High King of the Dύnedain and King of Arnor. By rights, he should have also been King of Gondor and King of the Two Kingdoms of the Dύnedain, though he never sought to reclaim that crown. He ruled in Annύminas for two hundred and thirty-nine years and was succeeded after his death by his son Eldacar in T.A. 249.

    Eldacar ruled uneventfully for ninety years and was succeeded by his son Arantar upon his death in T.A. 339. Arantar ruled uneventfully for ninety-six years and was succeeded by his son Tarcil in T.A. 435. Tarcil ruled uneventfully for eighty years and was succeeded by his son Tarondor in T.A. 515.

    Quote Originally Posted by ĒNOTEĒ
    The Orcish word tark when referring to a Dύnedain most likely has its origin in Tarcil whose name means high man.

    Also, in the early drafts of the Lord of the Rings, Tarcil was of the many names that Tolkien had ascribed to Aragorn.
    Tarondor, whose name means High Stone , ruled Gondor during a peaceful and uneventful time. He died in T.A. 602 and was succeeded by his son Valandur. Valandur, whose name means Servant of the Valar, ruled for fifty years before being slain in an unaccounted yet violent incident in T.A. 652. He was succeeded by his son Elendur. Elendur, whose name means Servant of the Elves, had an uneventful rule as the ninth King of Arnor. In T.A. 777 he was succeeded by his son Ešrendur, the last King of Arnor.

    Map of Arnor with the Split Kingdoms boundaries

    Ešrendur, whose name means Servant of the Sea, had a relatively uneventful rule in Arnor. Due to his younger sonsí dissension over the crown falling to their older brother and rightful heir Amlaith, Arnor was split into three separate kingdoms; Arthedain which Amlaith ruled from Fornost, and the kingdoms of Cardolan and Rhudaur were ruled by the second and third sons respectively. The exact nature of the dissension is unknown, as are the second and third brothersí names, and the lines of Kings of both Cardolan and Rhudaur.

    Looks like Tolkien just never got around to finishing this part, which in my third party uninvolved hindsight seems like quite a large hole, since the story of Arnor is a direct history of the later Lord of the Rings tale. My understanding is that most of the work on the Kings of Arnor, Gondor and the three split kingdoms was written post-LOTR as was most of the histories in the Second and Third ages.
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