• Of Númenor Part IV

    Adûnaic Name:Ar-Sakalthôr
    Quenya Name:Tar-Falassion
    Lived: S.A 2876 – S.A. 3102
    Ruled: S.A. 3033 – S.A. 3102

    Ar-Sakalthôr was succeeded upon his death by his son, Al-Gimilzôr.

    Adûnaic Name:Ar-Gimilzôr
    Quenya Name:Tar-Telemnarl
    Lived: S.A 2960 – S.A. 3177
    Ruled: S.A. 3102 – S.A. 3177

    Ar-Gimilzôr was a great enemy of the Faithful and persecuted them during his reign because of their ties to the Elves of Tol Eressëa. He completely outlawed the use of the Elven tongues and punished those of the Faithful who still welcomed the Elven ships that came from Tol Eressëa as he considered the Elves to be spies of the Valar. Eventually his distrust of the Faithful led him to exile them to the Eastern part of Númenor near the haven of Rómenna, where he had them watched. The Faithful began leaving Númenor in increasing numbers, settling in Pelargir, their haven in Middle-earth.

    Ar-Gimilzôr also completely neglected traditions long held by even the rebellious kings before him, such as tending the White Tree of Númenor which fell into decline. He was also the first King to refuse to ascend the Meneltarma and display reverence to Iluvatar.

    He wed a woman of great beauty, Inzibêth who in secret was one of the Faithful. Inzibêth passed on her beliefs to their elder son Inziladûn, though their second son Gimilkhâd was more of the mind of his father. Ar-Gimilzôr would have preferred to pass the Scepter to his second son, but could not change the laws of Númenor so upon his death he was succeeded by his son Inziladûn.

    Quenya Name:Tar-Palantir
    Given Name: Inziladûn
    Lived: S.A 3035 – S.A. 3255
    Ruled: S.A. 3177 – S.A. 3255

    Tar-Palantir was the twenty-fourth King of Númenor. His mother, Inzilbêth was secretly a member of the Faithful and taught her son to be an Elf-friend. When he took the Scepter it was a time of great darkness in Númenor. Since the days of Tar-Atanamir every King had spoken out against the Valar and questioned the Ban they had put upon the Númenôreans against sailing to the west. Tar-Palantir sought to repent of the actions of his predecessors. He began to properly tend the White Tree of Númenor because he knew if the White Tree should perish then so would the line of the king come to an end. He also faithfully observed the ancient religious ceremonies at due time.

    The Valar, however did not respond. The insolence of the kings before him and because most Númeróreans were still hostile toward the Lords of the West as the King’s Men were led by tar-Palantir’s brother Gimilkhâd, and they far outnumbered what was left of the Faithful. No ships came from Tol Eressëa and Tar-Palantir became filled with sorrow and began to spend more of his time in the tower of Tar-Minastir hoping to see Tol Eressëa, but that too was denied him.
    Tar-Palantir married late in life and had only one daughter, Miriel. She was named his official successor, though the throne was usurped from her by her cousin Pharazôn.

    Of Ar-Pharazôn and the Fall of Númenor
    Adûnaic Name:Ar-Pharazôn
    Quenya Name:Tar-Calion
    Lived: S.A 3118 – S.A. 3319
    Ruled: S.A. 3255 – S.A. 3316

    Ar-Pharazôn was the twenty-fifth and last King of Númenor. His name means Golden. Pharazôn had participated in the King’s Men’s wars in Middle-earth and returned to Númenor when he learned of his father’s death. Being rich of coin and very generous with it, the hearts of the people turned toward him. He remained in Númenor until Tar-Palantir’s death, and then took the King’s daughter Miriel to wife against her will (and against Númenórean law as they were first cousins and too closely related to wed), usurping the throne and taking the Scepter into his own hand he proclaimed himself King Ar-Pharazôn.

    Soon after taking power, he heard news that Sauron had begun assailing the Númenórean settlements in Middle-earth, wanting to drive them back to the sea, and proclaiming himself King of Men, which infuriated Ar-Pharazôn.

    Deciding that he himself would claim the title of King of Men instead, he spent years preparing a great force. In 3261 he launched the great Númenórean navy and landed at the Haven of Umbar. From there they marched north into Mordor. Their numbers were so great that Sauron’s own servants deserted him and Sauron perceived that he could not defeat the Númenóreans through strength of arms. Changing into a fair form, Sauron humbled himself before Ar-Pharazôn and the King stripped him of all his titles and decreed that he would be taken hostage to Númenor to prevent his servants from harassing the Númenóreans in Middle-earth. Sauron acted dismayed but in truth was it actually furthered his plans to destroy Númenor from within. As soon as he stepped foot onto Númenor he set forth to corrupt the minds of the Númenóreans, beginning with Ar-Pharazôn. Flattering the King at every turn, Sauron went from prisoner to the King’s Chief Advisor is a span of three years.

    Sauron’s teachings to the King and the people introduced them to the Darkness and persuading them to start worshipping Melkor, saying that Iluvatar was only a device the Valar used to keep them from rebelling and that Melkor was the true god, the Lord of Darkness, who could answer their prayers to escape death and become immortal as the elves. The Cult of Melkor, a new religion introduced by Sauron was worshipped by the King in private at first then later publically, and his people followed him. Ar-Pharazôn declared that attempting to ascend the Meneltarma was a crime punishable by death, as was worshipping or praying to Eru Iluvatar. Sauron advised Ar-Pharazôn to destroy Nimloth, the White Tree of Númenor, the last symbol of the Númenóreans’ ancient friendship with the Valar and elves, though the king hesitated as he was reluctant because of Tar-Palantir’s prophecy that the Line of Kings would end with the demise of Nimloth.

    After Isildur stole a fruit from the White Tree, Ar-Pharazôn dismissed his friend of old, Amandil (Isildur’s grandfather) from his council. Amandil was the leader of the Faithful and as he withdrew to Rómenna he secretly gathered all of the Faithful to him. Ar-Pharazôn then destroyed the Tree and burned it in the mighty temple that the Númenôreans built in Armenelos on the King’s order. Thereafter the King used this temple for the worship of Melkor, capturing Faithful and a man of Middle-earth sacrificing them in the fires of it’s altar. Ar-Pharazôn became the greatest tyrant that the world had seen since Morgoth, though Sauron truly ruled all from behind the throne.

    The King growing old was in fear of the end of his life, becoming wrathful and desperate so that Sauron gave him his last advice. Saurn told the king that by warring with and defeating the Valar the Undying Lands would be open for him and he would enjoy everlasting life. In 3310 the king began building the Great Armament to attack Valinor. At the same time Elendil, Amandil’s son and Isildur’s father began gathering a small fleet of ships which would hold the wives and children and heirlooms of the Faithful.In secret, Isildur’s ship also held the stolen fruit of Nimloth, the White Tree.

    The Valar sent warnings to the Númenóreans in the form of thunderstorms and clouds in the shape of eagles. Instead of scaring the people of Númenor it harden their hearts yet more. Ar-Pharazôn proclaimed, “The Lords of the West have plotted against us. They strike first. The next blow shall be ours.” When the Armament was completed Ar-Pharazôn boarded his great ship Alcarondas, sitting upon his throne in full armor and signaled for the anchors to be raised. The Númenóreans departed at sunset and passed into the forbidden seas of the West.

    The fleet passed Tol Eressëa abd anchored near the shores of Valinor. Ar-Pharazôn departed his ship and his army followed him upon the sands of Valinor. The king led his troops to Tirion and they set a camp around it. Ar-Pharazôn then proclaimed the land of the Valar was his, if none would challenge him.

    At this time, Manwë called upon Iluvatar for aid and they relinquished their authority over Arda. Eru Iluvatar broke the world which was until that time flat and he bent it and made it round so that never again could men sail to Valinor. Ar-Pharazôn’s fleet was pulled into the chasm that opened between the mortal worls and Blessed Realm. Númenor sank back beneath the sea from where once it had come. Ar-Pharazôn and all that followed him are said to have been buried “under falling hills” and “lie in the Caves of the Forgotten until the Last Battle and the Day of Doom.”

    Elendil sailed with his people off shore and waited toward the east and their ships were not drawn into the sea or the rift. A strong wind was born and bore the ships far away. Nine ships survived, Four of Elendil, Three of Isildur and two of Anarion which eventually landed upon Middle-earth.
    Sauron had not expected the extent of the wrath of Iluvatar or the sinking of Númenor. Sauron was cast into the sea and robbed of his physical body. He floated back over the sea to Middle-earth and back to Mordor.

    Quote Originally Posted by The Silmarillion
    "But Sauron was not of mortal flesh, and though he was robbed now of that shape in which he had wrought so great an evil, so that he could never again appear fair to the eyes of Men, yet his spirit arose out of the deep and passed as a shadow and a black wind over the sea, and came back to Middle-earth and to Mordor that was his home. There he took up again hi great Ring in Barad-dur, and dwelt there, dark and silent, until he wrought himself a new guise, an image of malice and hatred made visible; and the Eye of Sauron the Terrible few could endure"

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