• Of Númenor Part III

    Quenya Name:Tar-Telperiën
    Lived: S.A 1320 – S.A. 1731
    Ruled: S.A. 1556 – S.A. 1731

    Tar-Telperiën was the tenth monarch of Númenor and its second ruling Queen. She was the eldest child of Tar-Súrion and a proud and willful ruler. She refused to wed and so died without an heir. During her reign the Rings of Power were forged and the War of the Elves and Sauron began in Middle-earth. Tar-Telperiën did not interfere with the matters of Middle-earth, leaving that to her successor. She was long-lived and reluctant to give up her power, choosing to give up the Scepter just prior to her death instead of years beforehand as had every ruler before her. Tar-Telperiën’s nephew Minastir, the son of her younger brother Isilmo succeeded her.


    Quenya Name:Tar-Minastir
    Lived: S.A 1474 – S.A. 1873
    Ruled: S.A. 1731 – S.A. 1869

    Tar-Minastir succeeded his aunt, Tar Telperiën. He was the grandson of tar-Súrion and his name meant tower watcher which he acquired after building a tall tower upon the hill of Oromet in order to gaze westward. In S.A. 1695, Sauron invaded Eriador and the realms of Erefion fell. As he advanced to Lindon and besieged Rivendell, Tar-Minastir sent forth his navy under the command of Ciryatur to save Lindon. Ciryatur’s forces stopped Sauron’s army in the Battle of the Gwathló and with reinforcements from Lindon and Tharbad defeated Sauron forcing him to retreat to Mordor. In the 1800s, Númenor began establishing permanent settlements in Middle-earth, to include the Haven of Umbar. Tar-Minastir abdicated in 1869 and was succeeded by his son Ciryatan.


    Quenya Name:Tar-Ciryatan
    Adûnaic Name: Ar-Balkumagân
    Lived: S.A 1634 – S.A. 2035
    Ruled: S.A. 1869 – S.A. 2029

    Tar-Ciryatan succeeded his father Tar-Minastir in S.A. 1869, though some accounts hint that he might have been persuaded to do so against his will. Tar-Ciryatan scorned his father’s yearnings for an alliance with the Eldar and bitterly oppressed the men of Middle-earth. With a great fleet of royal ships he would plunder Middle-earth of resources and treasure which he brought back to Númenor. It was during his rule that the Númenóreans began to speak openly against the Ban of the Valar. This was considered the first sign of the Shadow’s passing over Núenor. Tar-Ciryatan abdicated in S.A. 2029 and was succeeded by his son Atanamir.


    Quenya Name:Tar-Atanamir
    Lived: S.A 1800 – S.A. 2221
    Ruled: S.A. 2029 – S.A. 2221

    Tar-Atanamir was the first king to refuse to willingly give up the Scepter to his heir. Every king afterward did not relinquish his reign until death, with one exception. During his reign the Eldar reported to the Valar that the Númenóreans were speaking against the Ban of the Valar. Manwë sent his heralds to Tar-Atanamir explaining that even if the Númenóreans could find their way to Aman, it would not undo their doom. Tar-Atanamir asked if his ancestor Eärendil still lived and the heralds replied that his fate was apart from all others, and that all other men were mortal. The heralds told Tar-Atanamir that the King and his people must abide by the will of Iluvatar. Tar-Atanamir was unsatisfied with that answer.

    Tar-Atanamir was one of Númenor’s most famous and powerful kings, but also one of its proudest and most greedy. He exacted tribute from the Men of Middle-earth and despite the warnings of Manwë began speaking out against the Ban of the Valar, though did not actually defy it. His reign is generally considered to constitute the beginning of Númenor’s moral decline. He was succeeded by his son Ancalimon.


    Quenya Name:Tar-Ancalimon
    Lived: S.A 1986 – S.A. 2386
    Ruled: S.A. 2221 – S.A. 2386


    Tar-Ancalimon was the fourteenth King of Númenor and he was the first king that took the Scepter upon his father’s death rather than the King abdicating the throne. During Tar-Ancalimon’s reign Númenor split into two political factions: The larger King’s Men who followed the Kings in their growing opposition to the Ban of the Valar and envy of the Eldar; and the far smaller Faithful who maintained friendships with the Eldar and continued to revere the Valar. The Elven-tongue was forsaken, though royal titles were still given in Quenya, though more out of custom.

    During Tar-Ancalimon’s reign, the eagles of Manwë that nested in the royal palace since the founding of Númenor left and returned to Valinor. The King also neglected the custom of offering “first-fruits” to Eru in sacrifice. The estrangement between Númenor and the Valar continued to grow. Tar-Ancalimon was succeeded by his son Tar-Telemmaitë upon his death.


    Quenya Name:Tar-Telemmaitë
    Lived: S.A 2136 – S.A. 2526
    Ruled: S.A. 2386 – S.A. 2526

    Tar-Telemmaitë’s name means silver-handed and reflected his greed for [i[mithril[/i]. Upon his death he was succeeded by his daughter Vanimeldë.


    Quenya Name:Tar-Vanimeldë
    Lived: S.A 2277 – S.A. 2637
    Ruled: S.A. 2526 – S.A. 2637

    Tar-Vanimeldë was the sixteenth monarch of Númenor and its third and last ruling Queen. She was disinterested in ruling, preferring music and dancing so she let her husband, Herucalmo rule in her stead. When she died, her son Alcarin should have taken up the Scepter but Herucalmo refused to give up his power, and proclaimed himself Tar-Anducal.


    Quenya Name:Tar-Anducal
    Given Name: Hercucalmo
    Lived: S.A 2286 – S.A. 2657
    Ruled: S.A. 2637 – S.A. 2657

    Tar-Anducal was the title assumed by Tar-Vanimeldë’s husband Hercucalmo after she died and he proclaimed himself king instead of letting the rule to her son Alcarin. Tar-Anducal ruled for twenty years. Upon his death the Kinship reverted to the rightful heir, Tar-Alcarin, and Tar-Anducal’s name was stricken from the Line of Kings.

    * I really wish this part of the story was more complete because I can’t believe that someone not of the royal line could just name themselves King and get away with it. Did Alcarin not want the throne, or was Herucalmo just such a fantastic king that the people really wanted him around? I’d put money on it that the King’s Men were deeply involved with this, as we’ll find something similar happens later down the line.


    Quenya Name:Tar-Alcarin
    Lived: S.A 2406 – S.A. 2737
    Ruled: S.A. 2657 – S.A.2737

    The period that Tar-Alcarin ruled was mostly peaceful in Númenor. In Middle-earth Sauron ruled the lands and a shadow had fallen on Númenor as well. Upon his death, Tar-Alcarin was succeeded by his son Calmacil.


    Adûnaic Name:Ar-Belzagar
    Quenya Name:Tar-Calmacil
    Lived: S.A 2516 – S.A. 2825
    Ruled: S.A. 2737 – S.A.2825

    Tar-Calmacil was the eighteenth monarch of Númenor. His name means Bright Sword which he took in recognition of the territorial victories he had in Middle-earth as a captain of Númenor. He was a devout member of the King’s Men and was the first king to have the Adûnaic equivalent of his name recorded. After Tar-Calmacil, all kings recorded Adûnaic names, save one. Upon his death, Tar-Calmacil was succeeded by Tar-Ardamin.


    Adûnaic Name:Ar-Abattârik
    Quenya Name:Tar-Ardamin
    Lived: S.A 2618 – S.A. 2899
    Ruled: S.A. 2825 – S.A.2899

    Tar-Ardamin was called by the King’s Men Ar-Abattârik in private. He was the last king to follow the practice of using an official Quenya name. Upon his death he was succeeded by his son Ar-Adûnakhôr.


    Adûnaic Name:Ar-Adûnakhôr
    Quenya Name:Tar-Herunúmen
    Lived: S.A 2709 – S.A. 2962
    Ruled: S.A. 2899 – S.A.2962

    Ar-Adúnakhôr was the first king of Númenor to take his title in Adûnaic instead of the customary Quenya, though it was recorded in the Scrolls of Kings as Tar-Herunúmen. The name itself means Lord of the West mocking Manwë and antagonizing the Faithful as they considered it a blasphemous and a direct challenge to the rightful leadership of the Valar. Ar-Adûnakhôr also forbade the speaking of the Elven tongues in his presence. Because of the cold feelings of the king and most of his people toward the Eldar and Valar, Elven ships came to Númenor only seldom and in secret. Upon his death, Ar-Adûnakhôr was succeeded by his son Ar-Zimrathôn.


    Adûnaic Name:Ar-Zimrathôn
    Quenya Name:Tar-Hostamir
    Lived: S.A 2798 – S.A. 3033
    Ruled: S.A. 2962 – S.A.3033

    Ar-Zimrathôn was the twenty-first King of Númenor. His name was also recorded in Quenya as to not bring evil upon Númenor. His name means Jewel Gatherer. Upon his death, he was succeeded by his son Ar-Sakalthôr.

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